Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citation Tools: Audio & Visual Material

Online Video (APA)

Online Video (APA)

*note: each line after the first line should be indented

Author, A. A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxx

If only the screen name is known:

Author, A. A. (year, date of posting). Title of video [Format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxx

Example:

University of California, Berkeley [UCBerkeley]. (2007, August 20). Integrative Biology 131 - Lecture 01: Organization of the Body [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S9WtBRNydso 

In text, use: (University of California, Berkeley, 2007) 

Images from the Internet (APA)

Images from the Internet (APA)

*note: each line after the first line should be indented

Artist, A. (year). Title of photograph [format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxx

Example:

Nygaard, Stig. (2012). Prepare... [Photograph]. Retrieved from https://www.flickr.com/photos/stignygaard/6934887276

Podcasts (APA)

Podcasts (APA)

*note: each line after the first line should be indented

Author, A. A. (role in production). (year, date of posting). Title of podcast [Format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxx

Example:

York, J. (Producer). (2015, May 12). Radiolab live: Tell-tale hearts featuring Oliver Sacks [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.radiolab.org/story/radiolab-live-telltale-hearts-featuring-oliver-sacks/

Films (APA)

DVDs (APA)

*note: each line after the first line should be indented

Producer, A. A. (Producer) & Director, B. B. (Director). (Year). Title of film [Format]. Country of origin: Studio.

Example:

Gottwald, M. (Producer) & Zeitlin, B. (Director). (2012). Beasts of the southern wild [Motion picture]. United States: Court 13 Arts.

Music Recordings (APA)

Music Recordings (APA)

*note: each line after the first line should be indented

Writer, A. (Copyright year). Title of song [Recorded by B. B. Artist]. On Title of album [Medium of recording]. Location: Label. (Date of recording)

Example:

June, V. (2013). The hour. On Pushin' against a stone [CD]. London, England: Sunday Best Recordings.