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Citation Tools: Audio & Visual Material

Online Video (APA)

Online Video (APA)

*note: each line after the first line should be indented

Author, A. A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxx

If only the screen name is known:

Author, A. A. (year, date of posting). Title of video [Format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxx

Example:

University of California, Berkeley [UCBerkeley]. (2007, August 20). Integrative Biology 131 - Lecture 01: Organization of the Body [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S9WtBRNydso 

In text, use: (University of California, Berkeley, 2007) 

Images from the Internet (APA)

Images from the Internet (APA)

*note: each line after the first line should be indented

Artist, A. (year). Title of photograph [format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxx

Example:

Nygaard, Stig. (2012). Prepare... [Photograph]. Retrieved from https://www.flickr.com/photos/stignygaard/6934887276

Podcasts (APA)

Podcasts (APA)

*note: each line after the first line should be indented

Author, A. A. (role in production). (year, date of posting). Title of podcast [Format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxx

Example:

York, J. (Producer). (2015, May 12). Radiolab live: Tell-tale hearts featuring Oliver Sacks [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.radiolab.org/story/radiolab-live-telltale-hearts-featuring-oliver-sacks/

Films (APA)

DVDs (APA)

*note: each line after the first line should be indented

Producer, A. A. (Producer) & Director, B. B. (Director). (Year). Title of film [Format]. Country of origin: Studio.

Example:

Gottwald, M. (Producer) & Zeitlin, B. (Director). (2012). Beasts of the southern wild [Motion picture]. United States: Court 13 Arts.

Music Recordings (APA)

Music Recordings (APA)

*note: each line after the first line should be indented

Writer, A. (Copyright year). Title of song [Recorded by B. B. Artist]. On Title of album [Medium of recording]. Location: Label. (Date of recording)

Example:

June, V. (2013). The hour. On Pushin' against a stone [CD]. London, England: Sunday Best Recordings.