What are secondary sources in history?
Secondary sources are documents written by historians, typically long after the event or era, to help explain, analyze, or retell a historical event or era. They help shine a light and provide a particular perspective or interpretation.
Searching for Secondary Sources
Evaluating Secondary Sources
What are primary sources in history?
Primary sources are documents, objects, or artifacts that were created during the time or event being studied, or were created by someone who witnessed or participated in it after the fact, for example, a memoir. They allow us to get as close as we can to what actually happened during a particular historical era or event. They are the raw materials historians study to use as evidence in a historical argument.
*In later eras this may also include interviews, digital photos, videos, or social media posts.
Searching for Primary Sources
Evaluating Primary Sources
Digital Archival Material (APA)
*note: each line after the first line should be indented
Creator, A. (year or date). Title of artifact [format]. Name of archive. URL of object
Baldowski, C. (1955). De-lib-er-ate—deliberate speed? [Editorial cartoon]. Digital Library of Georgia. https://dlg.Usg.Edu/record/dlg_bald_am-902#item
*If there isn't a creator, put the title and format before the date in the citation. If there isn't a title, put a description of the item in [square brackets] instead. Also, if it is an interview, list the interviewee as creator.