One author: Last Name AA.
Two authors: Author AA, Author BB.
Six authors: Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF.
More than six authors: Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, et al.
One author for or and a group: Author AA; Laser ROP Study Group.
More than six authors for or and a group: Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, et al; Laser ROP Study Group.
In-Text Citations (3.6)
Examples of using superscripts:
Smith and Jackson3 reported...
This drug is used to treat hepatitis.22
As reported previously,1,3-8,19 (note: use a hyphen for multiple consecutive sources cited, and a comma for non-consecutive sources)
These patients showed no sign of malignancies.3(p21),9 (note: if the author wishes to cite page numbers from a reference source, the page numbers are included in the superscript)
Gylswyk5(pp3,5),9 reported 15 cases in which drowsiness occurred. (note: a superscript may include more than one page number)
Parenthetical citations should be limited to sources not yet accepted for publication, personal communication, news articles, and obituaries. The citation format is similar to that of the citations in the reference list. However, in the text (1) the author(s) may not be named, (2) the title may not be given, (3) the name of the journal is abbreviated only when enclosed in parenthesis, and (4) inclusive page numbers are given.
Example of parenthetical citations:
Wiese et al. recently reported that an extract from the fruit of the prickly pear cactus had a moderate effect on reducing the symptoms of the alcohol hangover (Arch Intern Med. 2004;164:1334-1340).
Reference List (3.2)
Formatting Your Paper